Cat Bad Breath, Symptoms and Some Major Causes of Cat Mouth Odor


Cats are known for being fastidiously clean animals,and loved most to be kept as pet around the world.If you go nose to nose with your cat while sleeping and give her a loving sniff and If it is not sweet breath then you definitely would not like to let your cat sleep with you. we may not expect our cats to have breath as fresh as scent.Bad breath is not often a problem but  if you continuously noticing the strong bad odor  of your cat then its not normal just as eyes are windows into soul,cat bad breath is window to her health..


Bad breath in cat and every living being is often due to problems with the teeth or gums but can also be due to more serious medical conditions.In fact, around 75 per cent of cats over the age of three have dental disease and smelly breath is usually one of the first signs pet owners notice.

Here are some common causes of bad breath  in cats, and some common symptoms of bad mouth odor,

Symptoms


  • Tartar build up on teeth
  • Red, inflamed gums 
  • Excessive drooling
  • Weight loss
  • Eating less then normal
  • Difficulty eating
  •  dropping food when eating something
  • Lethargy sleeping more than usual



Causes of cats bad mouth smell

There are different causes of cat bad smell from oral hygiene to some serious diseases,lets have a look on them,

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection that is a results of build up of dental plaque on the surfaces of the teeth around the gums, according to the Vet the bacteria in dental plaque irritate the gum tissue, if plaque is allowed to build up can lead to infection in the bone surrounding the teeth. Within just a few days, plaque can mineralize and harden into tartar, which provides a rough surface that makes it easier for more plaque to accumulate.


Consistent oral hygiene can prevent periodontal disease from coming back. Brushing your cat’s teeth every day is the best thing you can do.First a cat should get used to you lifting her lip, then touching the teeth, then introducing the brush in the mouth, and finally the act of brushing. Going slow and offering positive reinforcement will increase the chances of success.If you ignore periodontal disease, it can lead to tooth loss, bleeding gums, pain, and other problems. 

Bacteria build up

Odor producing bacteria build up in cat mouth and most likely is the cause of cat bad breathAn over abundance of bacteria can occur if you fail to clean your pets teeth, allowing tartar and plaque to build up.

Kidney disease

If your cat breath smells like ammonia or urine, it could be kidney disease, which is not uncommon in cats  at ages 8 or older, Kidney disease causes waste products to build up in the body. This can cause breath to smell like ammonia. In addition to  bad breath,cats with kidney disease can appear lethargic and may experience weight loss, drink more water, and urinate more frequently and in greater volume.

Stuck food particles in the mouth

Some time it mostly happens that some food particles stuck in cat's mouth or between teeth or throat such as a stick or a bone it will often start to smell bad. You may also notice your cat pawing at their mouth or face.

Mouth cancer

Cancers in the mouth often become infected and start to smell. Your vet may need to put your cat under anesthetic or sedate your cat to look properly in the mouth. Cancers in this area can be difficult to treat but finding them early can help.

Liver disease

Liver disease leads to waste products entering the lungs. This causes a foul, sweet, musty breath. 
 Bacterial infections in the lungs, sinuses or windpipe can cause bad breath.

Diabetes

If diabetes is not properly managed the body starts to break down fat, this causes the breath to smell sweet similar to pear drops or nail polish remover.to avoid it its recommended not to give cat food full of carbohydrates.

Gut problems

A gut infection or blockage will often make the breath smell bad. You will often notice other signs such as diarrhea, vomiting or stomach pain before noticing the bad breath.

 Age Factor

When cats get older just like people, routine tasks become harder. Your cat may feel too tired or stiff to thoroughly groom him or herself any more.
Your cat may not only smell bad, but their fur is likely to look a bit disheveled and not as smooth and shiny as it was when they were younger. If this happens, it may be time to think about washing your cat or having him or her groomed professionally.

Medical Issues

Various cat breeds are prone to suffering from medical issues. The most common ones that cause bad breath are stomach problems, gum disease, gastrointestinal issues, and tooth decay.Again talk to your vet if you think cat might be suffering from something health related.
Diet
Some diets can cause a cat’s breath to be smell bad than others. Fish based diets can cause a fishy smelling breath.Just like humans, cats may find themselves in need of an additional boost – for shinier fur, for a stronger immune system…or for better breath.If you’ve recently changed your cat’s diet or if you’re feeding her low quality food products, this may result in bad breath. Talk to your vet to determine if this is the issue. Either one may cause other side effects too.








Cat Hair Loss, Hair Loss Main Causes, How to Diagnose the Hair Loss in Cat


Cat hair loss is not always a problem its a natural part of a cat's life, Some hair loss, like shedding her winter coat is normal, But if she loses a lot of hair then there might be a problem.Cat hair loss can be partial or full. skin around the area of hair loss can be normal, or it can have redness, bumps or scabs

Cat's shed more  hair  during warm weather. Hair loss also depends on breed. The difference between normal shedding and hair loss is when new hair does not replace any thinning hair or bald patches.

If you see your cat is more interested in licking her fur than other activities like playing or eating then it may also cause hair loss.

Reasons of Hair Loss

Hair loss in cats may include  flea allergy, excessive licking, ringworm, stress and thyroid disease. 

 Allergies

They are the top cause of hair loss. Like people your cat can  also be allergic to food, insect bites, medicines, dust, or pollen. To ease the itch, she will lick her fur until there are bald patches. It is simple to treat, but you might have to give her medicine for the rest of her life.

Parasites

Some parasites like Bugs, lice, and ticks can make her scratch and lick as well, causing bare spots and even wounds.to treat the parasites ask your vet which medication you should utilize.


Ringworm infection

Ring worms are not a worm it is a fungal infection. It gets its name from its appearance, which is a red ring with a white center and a scaly ring of missing hair is a sign on coat.to treat ringworm  apply some good anti fungal creams or ointments, medicated baths, or even oral medicines.




Thyroid  


Cats can suffer from conditions of the thyroid gland that causes too little or too much thyroid hormone to be produced. Cats hyperthyroidism can cause many problems including hair loss. Hair can become very dull and brittle thin or may be easily pulled out while you are petting or brushing your cat


Physical Pain

Physical Pain may be another cause of hair loss in cats, if your cat is feeling muscle or joint pain under the skin. To ease the pain, the cat most often continue to lick the area and may lick it so much that they can lick away the fur.

Stress and Anxiety

When a cat is stressed and anxious then it may obsessively licks and scratches the skin.too much licking can lose hair. Cats those  have it tend to pick at their belly, sides or legs. It’s most common in female pure breeds with nervous personalities.Treat her wounds, and consult your vet if she needs an antidepressant or changing in her environment, like putting up high perches or keeping dogs away.

Diabetes or Immune Problem


It is unlikely, but hair loss can be a symptom of immune system problem, diabetes or an overactive thyroid, or cancer. Tell your vet all about your cat’s diet, behavior, and home to help pin point the cause.


Diagnosis of Hair Loss

vet doctor may examine the hair lost if the hair can be pulled out with a simple pull or broken off.

If the hair is broken or removed an examination of the skin is done looking at different types of lesions.  If redness was caused by itching or if there is another cause. There are several diagnostic steps,

Looking for Parasites

This can be done at home by combing your your cat's hair and take a skin scraping to determine if fleas or mites are causing the condition. Depending on what is found a treatment for fleas or mites is recommended by vet.




Look for fungus

 To see if their is fungus on the hair a special lamp wood lamp is needed. If fungus is found on the coat  then your veterinarian will prescribe the medication which can be given as an ointment for few day of use.If your cat does not respond to either of the above your veterinarian will re check your cat for parasites after 4 weeks or look for food allergy.

Dietary Change


An elimination diet will recommend where your cat's diet is changed to few ingredient. Additional ingredients are added until symptoms reappear. Foods eliminated include fish, beef, dairy,chicken, lamb or mutton,pork, eggs and wheat.

Topic Dermatitis Test

If food allergies do not appear to be the cause the next step is to test for some type of skin allergy  through a series of skin allergy tests. Your veterinarian could also prescribe medications to help with allergic reactions such as antihistamines.
If all of these causes are ruled out then the trigger is either something that has not been diagnosed such as an allergic reaction to your cat's environment or emotional distress caused by cat's inherited disposition or stress in your cat's life. Causes of stress may  includes separation anxiety when you leave the house the introduction of a new pet into the household,a new child or even the rearrangement of furniture in the rooms where your cat lives.






How to Train Your puppy, Best Pit Bull Puppy Training Tips


Pit bull puppies are great at learning.They often get a bad reputation and are accused of being aggressive. But the fact is that well bred and properly socialized pit bulls are very friendly and people oriented pets.

With their high energy level and strength, training a pit bull puppy is not bed of roses. However if you have decided and choose a Pit bull as pet, you will find them to be extremely intelligent and keen to learn.

If you get a Pit Bull puppy, your first step in Pit Bull Terrier dog training would be to socialize as much as you can. The good aspect of owning pit bull puppies is that they are like a blank canvas on which you can work to create the right imprints. What you do during this time is very important.

Successful training could make the big difference between a Pit bull that is a superb family dog and friend, or the one which is an irritating and trouble making.Luckily by adopting the step by step guideline  any one could properly know Pit bull puppy training tactic.


Start Early Socializing with your Puppy 

If you have a young pit bull puppy or are planning on getting one soon, make socialization would be your top priority. It is important that your pit bull puppy learns to be comfortable with a variety of people and situations from a very early age. Expose it to children, men, women, and other animals. Get your pet used to being handled. Keep things positive and upbeat, and allow your pit bull puppy to approach new things in its own time. This early socialization is the most important component of your puppy's training program.


 Socialize Your Pit Bull Puppy with People

Despite a pit bull terrier's reputation, aggression towards humans is very un characteristic of this breed and a highly undesirable trait. Indeed, pit bull terriers make poor guard dogs, due to their friendliness towards strangers. The American Temperament Testing Society, which tests different aspects of temperament in dogs, including stability, shyness, aggressiveness, protectiveness and friendliness, gives the American Pit Bull Terrier a nice passing score of 86 percent.

Do not Give too mush Affection during Taring

The most common mistake done while training pit bull puppies is giving them too much affection, instead of following his mantra exercise-discipline-affection.

This creates unstable dogs and bad behavior and then the owner finds it difficult to earn the dog’s trust, respect, and loyalty.

Loose Leash Walking

Loose leash walking is very important during puppy training, and it works best if taught in an obedience class setting so your puppy learns how to behave on the leash despite strong distractions such as other dogs and people. You can teach some basics of loose leash walking by walking your puppy in a quiet area and stopping when your puppy is walking in front of you causing the leash to tighten. Use a treat to position your puppy back to next to you and repeat this exercise over and over.




Teach puppy Behave Properly With Other Dogs

Because pit bulls have a history of  bred as fighting dogs, they are not always tolerant other dogs. You can keep control over your dog in the presence of other dogs by teaching it to focus on you. This is when the look command comes in handy. Other commands that can help include  stay, come. To ensure that your dog will respond to your commands, even when it may be distracted by other dogs, take the time to practice commands in a variety of settings and situations. It is important that your dog can respond to your commands when you are at the park just as well as it does in your living room. 
It is important to remember, however, that each dog is an individual. Some do well in households with other dogs, while others show aggression toward other dogs. It can not be stressed enough that aggression toward dogs does not equal aggression toward humans. 



Patience And Consistency

Many people experience difficulty in Pit bull puppy training just because they lack patience, consistency, and timing. Consistency helps establish which behaviors are unacceptable. for instance , if you are doing not want your dog jumping abreast of the couch, then all members of the household must be told to not allow such behavior. If you disallow it, but your children encourage it, the dog won't get the message that it is NOT okay to leap onto the couch.
Timing is important in making your dog learn which specific commands are related to particular actions. Give the command for your dog to urge off the couch as soon as he jumps abreast of it in order that he understands that the couch is off limits. If you let a couple of minutes pass before giving the command, the dog might imagine that it's okay to use the couch for a touch while every day .

Avoidance Strategies

Another sort of positive reinforcement which will be very effective in Pitbull puppy training is understood as avoidance. This involves withholding rewards whenever your dog disobeys commands or displays unacceptable behavior. for instance , if you tell your dog to urge inside his crate and he refuses, deduct the treat that you simply would normally place within the crate as a gift then ignore the dog. Give the treat only your dog settles down within the crate. Soon he will realize that disobedience will only end in the loss of your attention also because the loss of his treats.

 If the dog shows an attacking behavior, do not slap, attack or kick the puppy, instead, manage the matter in a wise technique. You can raise your voice or maybe stare at them with tempers.

Your pup could quite often reveal agonizing plus destructive habits, for instance biting on as well as chewing on body parts as well as clothing. It should be stopped instantaneously. To stop this kind of action, you can make use of a pained expression with your voice. Make sure to never express tempers as well as shout at the pup.




Cat Meowing, 10 Possible Reasons Of Your Cat Unusual Meowing

Its normal for cat to meow, cat meowing is as like dog barking or human talking, every cat owner have  experienced the cat meowing at different stages, but excessive meowing from their cats is not normal.

Sometimes it is really hard to identify why exactly the cat is making such constant meowing. 

Kittens meow to their mothers when they are hungry, cold, or scared, But once cats get older, they use other vocalizations, such as yowling, hissing, and growling to communicate with each other. Meowing is refereed for their communications with people.

some cats just seem to like to hear their own voices, while others seem to want to conversation with their owners. If your cat is talking a little more than normal then try to figure out the cause . Once you know the reason, you can then work to get your cat to meow less.

Reasons for Excessive Cat Meowing


1.Depends on Breed

The amount of meowing depends and varies by breed of cat. Oriental breeds, especially Siamese cats, are known as great talkers, so anyone who does not like meowing probably should not keep these breeds.


2. Seeking Attention

Most of time cat mew to seek attention, Maybe this is because the cat wants to play, or they are bored.If your cat keeps meowing, then best solution is to walk away until they calm down. Walking away is for excessive meowing.



3. Want to Play

If your cat is meowing after seeing someone around him then definitely he is driving your attention toward him .most of time that mean that your caat is bored and want to play.Spend quality time with your cat every day. Play with cat for it ensures the cat has exercised which is crucial to his well-being. Reward your cat when calm and ignore  when meowing constantly.


4. Stress

New animals and new people  in the home and many other things can cause stress to your cat.When your cat continually meows during these changes, it could just mean I am surely mad at you or I do not like this at all.

Obviously your cat will not dictate to you his dislikes. It is then up to you to identify  changes and the effect they have on your cat. When bringing a new animal to your home socialize the new pet and your cat to eliminate behavioral problems.

5. Need Medical Treatment


When cats are sick or feel discomfort or have pain or in trouble,cats also start meowing excessively. Remember meowing is one of the common way cats use to communicate to  owners. Cats can be good at hiding ailments. Excessive cat meowing without any interest in food is a sufficient warning of an sickness that needs attention.

Excessive meowing can be a warning sign of kidney disease, urinating problems, thyroid or other cat related health problems. If your cat has just developed this behavior, a visit to the veterinarian is worth taking.

6. Hunger

Some cats will meow for food-related reasons. When the  food bowl is empty, your cat will let you know and not in a cool manner. Make sure your cat gets wet food frequently and you can surprise him with canned food sometimes.

Make it sure that the cat is getting enough food at the right daily  intervals. Also ensure that his water bowl is full.
ants food. Some cats meow every time someone walks in the kitchen, hoping to get a bite. And many cats become very vocal when it gets close to their feeding times. If this is your problem, don’t feed your cat when she cries. Wait until she quiets to put down food, and don’t give her treats when she meows. If this doesn’t work, get an automatic feeder that opens at set times. Now kitty will meow at the feeder and not you.


7. Old Age Confusion

Cats, just like people, can suffer from a form of mental confusion, or cognitive dysfunction, as they age. They become disoriented and often cry plaintively for no apparent reason, especially at night. A nightlight sometimes can help if your cat becomes disoriented at night, and veterinarians often can prescribe medications that help these symptoms.

Like humans, cats can be confused or forgetful during older age.

Disorientation is common and your cat may frequently meow because of confusion and frustration. If your cat continually meows or bumps into things at night, let the light on an entire night. You can also visit your  vet for more checkups.

8. Feel Lonely

 If your pet spends too many hours a day alone, think about getting a pet sitter to drop in during the day, or find other ways to enrich your pet’s life. Put a bird feeder outside a window she can watch. Leave foraging toys out with food inside. Get her a kitty condo and rotate different toys that you leave out for play.



9. Cat Might Be in Heat

Female cats become very vocal suddenly when they are in heat. They meow excessively to attract males. Also, males become noisy when they detect a female cat in hear close.

Save yourself and the feline companions this trouble by having your cat neutered or spayed.

10. Lacking Attachment

Sometimes your cat may be meowing simply to say hello to you. Try to calm down your cat  is the meowing  by interacting with him. Scolding your cat for constant meowing may cause insecurity and fear which can interfere with the relationship you have with your cat.

Hedgehogs, 14 Best Reasons To Keep Hedgehog As Pet, Best Pet For Working Families

Big confusion exist weather hedgehogs should be kept as pets or not because Wild animals should stay wild, but the answer is big "No" as once cats and dogs were also wild,but after been domesticated and training they have become the member of almost every family and human friendly, If you are considering adopting a hedgehog as pet , it is important to have complete knowledge well before going to adopt them.


Hedgehogs are small mammals with cone shaped faces, short legs and bodies that are covered with quills. Despite their similar appearances to porcupine  hedgehogs are not closely related.hedgehog quills are not easily detached from their bodies. Hedgehog quills are made from keratin, much like human nails and hairs. Hedgehog can have as many 6,000 quills on its body. 



Hedgehogs are solitary creatures that are big sleepers and can sleep up to 18 hours per day,They are also nocturnal, which means they sleep during the day.They usually sleep to protect themselves from extreme climates in addition to just getting rest. 

Hedgehogs search for food at night. Hedgehogs have poor eyesight and rely on hearing and smell to find food. Hedgehogs have up to 44 sharp teeth.


When in danger, the hedgehog rolls into a ball so that the quills cover the entire area of their exposed body and protects the animal from predators,Once they are in a ball, they must stay still.

Diet 

Hedgehogs were named due to the way they eat,they root underneath hedges and other vegetation, make
 snorting like a hog. During this activity, they find meals of fruit, fungi, centipedes, insects, snails, worms, mice, frogs, eggs, birds, frogs, reptiles, roots and snakes. 

Reproduction

Hedgehogs only give birth once per year after a gestation of four to six weeks.The mother protects her piglets from predators ,Sometimes, if the nest is disturbed, the mother may even become the predator and will eat her young. At nine to 11 months they are fully mature and will live three to eight years in the wild or up to 10 years in captivity.



Habitat

Hedgehogs can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa and New Zealand, including savannas, forests, deserts, scrublands and suburban gardens.

Hedgehog live in usually burrows and nests they build themselves. Hedgehog burrows can be up to 20 inches  deep, and nests are made from leaves, branches and other vegetation.
  

Sometimes, hedgehogs take over burrows that other animals have left behind or nestle between rocks.


Hedgehog As Pet

The most common species of domesticated hedgehog is the four toed hedgehog. The domesticated hedgehog kept as a pet is typically the African pygmy hedgehog. The African Pygmy Hedgehog is also referred to as a white bellied or four toed hedgehog . This hedgehog type typically ranges from ½ to 1-¼ lbs. and will measure approximately 5 to 8 inches.
Hedgehogs have gained popularity as pets in recent decades, though their sleeping habit make them poor pet choices for those wants active pet during daytime hours, but they are very good choice for working families who stay outside home whole day.

Best Reasons to Choose Hedgehog As Pet


1. Hedgehogs can be tamed, and become quite loving and social.

2. Hedgehogs love to play, and they are fun to watch.

3.Hedgehogs being small  are easy to take care of.

4. Hedgehogs are relatively inexpensive to maintain, they are inexpensive to feed and house compared to many other household pets. cages can be simple and cheap to keep them 

Hedgehogs typically cost $150-$300 and the ongoing costs include bedding and food. 

5. Hedgehogs  do not need Veterinary care is not a big factor unless you need to seek assistance in caring for your hedgehog

6. Hedgehogs They don't take up a lot of space.
7. Hedgehogs  You don’t have to walk or provide your hedgie with a lot of exercise.
8. Hedgehogs  like to sleep whole day and most of time spend laying so they won’t roam around your house. 

9. Hedgehogs  do not chew up you objects like clothes,shoes and your furniture like dogs do.

10. Hedgehogs temperament is delightful.





11. Hedgehogs Being intelligent creatures, these curious mammals enjoy playing in their enclosures or running through mazes and tunnels. There quick speed and high intellect makes watching these zipping little pincushions vastly entertaining for those of all ages.
12. Hedgehogs may make soft noises like squeaks and snorts. Unlike some larger pets, hedgehogs won’t keep you up at night whining in your ear or meowing for food.

13. Hedgehogs  do not have allergy irritating danger like some other common household pets have.

14. Hedgehogs may be right for you if you don’t want a high-maintenance pet, however, you need to be around to provide your hedgehog with food, water and plenty of love.


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