The Wolf


The wolf (Canis lupus) is a carnivorous animal that belongs to the category of mammalian animals, also called gray or brown wolf. It is the largest current member of the Canidae family in Eurasia and North America.

At home, domesticated dogs also belong to the wolf family. Up to 38 subtypes of wolves, including domestic dogs, have been recognized. Many species of wolves are considered endangered by IUCN. And it is feared that these species will disappear from earth soon or later. Adult or young wolves are six to seven feet in length, including the tail's length. They generally weigh from 43 kg to 79 kg which can be a difference by their kind. They are usually 20 inches (0.51 m) to 38 inches (0.97 m) tall.

Wolves have thick fur that has two layers. The upper layer is for dust while lower protects the skin from water. It's colored may be different, with a mixture of gray, white, red or black.

Wolves usually live in groups and usually, in one group there are wolves of the same family. There is a maximum of fifteen members in a group. In the scientific term, the head of the group is called “Alpha”. The area of each group is determined by their smell and Shrieking. And there is a lot of resistances when anyone enters another’s area.

Their breeding season is from January to April while the duration of pregnancy is 61 to 63 days. The substance gives birth to Four to Six babies and feeds them for Eight to 10 weeks, and they reach puberty in 18 to 20 months. Their lifespan recorded 13 years in the wild and about 16 years in captivity. Wolves are good hunters, they hunt in the group.

In the North America wolf diet include big hirsute animals such as moose, bison, and deer while in Asia and Europe, they hunt medium-sized hirsute animals, such as wild cows and goats. The wolf's diet depends on wild animals but if it is not available they also hunt domestic animals. They can digest their food within a few hours, and eat several times a day. The wolf collects fat under the skin, around the heart, intestines, kidneys, and bones. In northern Minnesota, they hunt fish in rivers. In Alaska's wolves, 20% of their food comprises of salmon. European wolves also eat apples, pears, figs, melons, and cherries which provide them vitamins. Due to food shortages, they also eat the carcass.

The number of wolves has decreased greatly over the past few decades. People kill wolves because it is considered destructive to domestic livestock.
It is estimated that the number of wolves in the world is 3,00,000!


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