Siberian Ibex or a type of Wild Goat.

Siberian Ibex:

Siberian Ibex or Himalayan Ibex is a type of Capra Sibirica Ibex. Most Siberian Ibexes are found in Central and North Asia, Afghanistan, West and North China (mainly Xinjiang), North western India, Southeast Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, East Uzbekistan, Mongolia, North Pakistan, and South Central Russia. It is traditionally regarded as a subspecies of alpine ibex. It is the tallest and heaviest member of the ibex genus. His shoulder height is even higher than Capra falconei.

Siberian Ibexes are big and bulky goats. Although individual sizes vary greatly. The height of the male from the ground to the shoulder is between 35 inches (88.9 cm) to 43 inches (109.22 cm) And weighs is between 85 to 130 kg. While the height of the female is between 28 inches (71.12 cm) to 36 inches (91.44 cm) and weighs between 42 to 56 kg.

They have a straight nose and a short neck. In males, the neck is especially thick and muscular. But this is not the case in females. Both sexes have beards, but the male beard is more pronounced. In both sexes, there is a large fragrance gland about Three cm (1.2 inches) below the tail.

The horns of the female are relatively small and gray which can be up to 11 inches (27.94 cm) in length. On the contrary, the horns of the males are black and can grow up to 45 inches (114.3 cm) and sometimes up to 58 inches (147.32 cm) which are curved backward. They have circular rings around their horns that represent annual growth.

The adult males are mostly in dark color, and there is a white or creamy hair at the waistline Females and young males have a brown color, turning red or almost golden in the winter season which is caused by white hair. The winter coat is dense, thick, and like the wool of a domestic sheep.

Four sub-categories of Siberian ibex have been recognized whose size is different.

  • Sibirica
  • Alaiana
  • Hagenbecki
  • Sakeen
is a difference according to their color and the size of horns too.

The breeding season starts from late October to early January. During the breeding season, males are very close to females to attracting them.

The gestation period is 170 to 180 days. Usually, one baby is born while the proportion of twins is up to 14%, and occasionally three are born. A newborn baby weighs is about Three kg and their horns appear after about three to four weeks. Normally the male lives in the forest for ten years, and the females live for seventeen years while in prison they live up to 22 years.

Mostly live at altitude. They also come down for food in the winter season. Their diet consists of grass and herbs. The main hunters of Ibex are wolves, wild dogs, snow leopards, and brown bears.

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