A soft hearted wild with giant body


Elephants are considered as the giant and most powerful mammals in wildlife. There are usually three types of elephants, African bush elephant, African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant, while its other species disappeared 10,000 years ago. Elephants are the largest species with males being 10 feet (3.05 m) to 11 feet (3.35 m) tall at shoulder with a body mass of 5.2 to 6.9 tons and females standing 8 feet (2.44 m) to 8 feet 11 inches(2.85 m) tall at shoulder with a body mass of 2.6 to3.5 tons.

Their structure has 326 to 351 bones which are very strong. The natural lifespan of an elephant is usually up to 70 years. The world's oldest elephant died in Taiwan in 2003 at the age of 86 years, who served with the British Army in World War Two.

Uniqueness of the elephant is his trunk. It is estimated that the elephant's trunk contains 40 thousand muscles, while the whole human body has only 650 muscles. These muscles are also very powerful. It is similar to the tongue and works like a hand, however it is a nose and a very unusual nose. If one of them feels danger, then straighten his trunk and inform the other members of his group.

Their long and sharp teeth are their best weapons.
An elephant's normal pregnancy period is 22 months, which is the longest period than any other wild. The average weight of an elephant baby at birth is up to 120 kg. They need a lot of food to maintain their burdensome body. That is why they eat all kinds of plants, grass, leaves, flowers and fruits. An elephant needs about 120 kg of food daily, to accomplish this, they eat for 12 to 18 hours in a day, and thus an elephant consumes more than 50 tons of food a year.

An elephant's skin is generally very tough, it’s about 2.5 cm thick. Their skin is very valuable which poses a serious risk to their generation. People hunt them for their skin. They dried it and make a type of powder which is used as a medicine. That's why their wild population is now less than 50,000. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) declares elephants as extinct animal.

They are very social so the family system is highly valuable for them. Sympathy is greatly enhanced them due to social relationships. Female is head of every group. Their relationship is very important to them. Even when one of them died they cry and mourned for him. And when their life partner dies, they quit eating for several days, and remain sad.


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